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Civics Quarter 1

Unit 1: Formation of Federal Government and Individual Freedoms


1.     The student will analyze the natural rights philosophy and the nature of government expressed in the Constitutions.

2.     The student will demonstrate knowledge of the organization and powers of the national government.

3.     The student will demonstrate knowledge of the federal system of government described in the United States Constitution.

4.     The student will demonstrate knowledge of civil liberties and civil rights.


Essential Questions:

1.     Why do people create, structure, and change governments?

2.     How does geography influence the development of communities?

3.     How do societies balance individual community rights?

4.     How does social change influence government?

Content (Major Concepts, Figures, and Events)

Suggested Activities


Assessment Strategies

·       Declaration of Independence

·       Constitutional Convention

·       Constitution

·       Political Parties

·       Branches of Government

·       Balance of Power

·       Separation of Power

·       Analysis of Amendments

·       Citizenship


·       Compare and contrast the Declaration of Independence and the Social Contract Theory

·       Debate over ratification

·       Analyze the purpose of the government stated in the preamble of the US Constitution

·       Explain fundamental principles upon which the US Constitution is based

·       Analyze the supremacy clause in Article VI and the role of the US Constitution as the “Supreme Law of the Land”

·       Examine the Bill of Rights

·       Copy of the Declaration of Independence

·       Copy of Social Contract Theory

·       Copy of the Constitution of the United States

·       Civics Textbook (Chapter 1-4)

·       Document Based Questions

·       Short Essay’s

·       One-on-one Verbal Quiz

·       Exit Cards

·       Journal Entries

·       Socratic Seminars

·       Think-Pair-Share

·       “Pyramid” game

·       Philosophical Chairs

·       Role-Play